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Scarce Model 1867 Norwegian Kammerladen Rifle

The Norwegian Kammerlader is an unusual and scarce rifle to be found today in it’s Military rimfire conversion configuration.
The Kammerlader, or "chamber loader", was the first Norwegian breech-loading rifle, and among the very first breech loaders adopted for use by an armed force anywhere in the world. A single-shot black-powder rifle, the kammerlader was operated with a crank mounted on the side of the receiver. This made it much quicker and easier to load than the weapons previously used. Kammerladers quickly gained a reputation for being fast and accurate rifles and would have been a deadly weapon against massed ranks of infantry.
The kammerlader was introduced in 1842, and it is thought that about 40,000 were manufactured until about 1870. While the first flintlock breech-loading rifles, such as the Ferguson, were launched decades before 1842 Norway was among the first European countries to introduce breech loaders on a large scale throughout its army and navy, although the United States had been the first in the world with the M1819 Hall rifle. ( See my example for sale) The Kammerladers were manufactured in several different models, and most models were at some point modified in some way or other.

From 1842, until the Remington M1867 was approved in 1867, more than 40,000 Kammerladers in more than 80 different models were manufactured. In 1860 the calibre was reduced again, to four Swedish Liner, or about 11.77 mm. When some of the Kammerladers were modified to rimfire after 1867, this meant that the barrels had to be bored out to 12.17 mm to accept the new cartridge.
During a military sharpshooting competition held in Belgium in 1861, the Kammerlader was proven to be among the most accurate military long arms in Europe. The Norwegian rifles were shown to be accurate to a range of about 1 km (0.6 mi), which is quite an achievement even by today's standards.
After the introduction of the Remington M1867 and its rimfire cartridge in 1867, the Norwegian Army and the Royal Norwegian Navy decided to convert some of the stock of Kammerladers into rim fire rifles. There were two designs used for the modification: Landmarks and Lund’s. Neither can be considered completely successful, but both were cheaper, and quicker, than manufacturing new M1867s. It seems that the Norwegian Army preferred the Lund, while the Landmark was the option of choice for the Royal Norwegian Navy.
For the Lund conversion, the chamber was replaced with a breechblock, and an extractor was mounted on the left side of the receiver. A chamber fitting the 12.17 x 44 mm rimfire cartridge was milled out of the rear part of the barrel. The right side of the receiver was lowered 6 mm and the bottom plate exchanged from a brass plate to a steel plate with a track for the extractor. The firing pin was curved to allow the hammer to strike it.

This particular rifle is a Lund conversion and is an extremely scarce rifle to find as most were scrapped after the introduction of the Remington Army Rolling Block rifle in 1867.
This rifle is mechanically sound with a good mechanism, no missing parts and good walnut stock with no cracks but plenty of evidence of use with the usual pressure dents and scratches. It is rare to find these converted rifles in any condition but this one is very good for the issue.
Another interesting rifle.

Code: 50564

1600.00 GBP


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Good Manhattan Arms .36 revolver

This is a good .36 calibre Manhattan Series IV Navy.
The revolver itself is all matching and has a good lock up with 10 cylinder safety notches which allowed the revolver to be carried with the hammer dropped between the nipples, a feature unique to Manhattan.
Manhattan was a serious competitor to Colt and many people consider them better made than Colt.
This one has a six and a half inch barrel, deeply embossed address and good grips. The revolver spins freely one way on half cock as it should and locks on full cock, There is a reasonable cylinder scene . Manhattan firearms went out of business within a couple of years of the end of the Civil War and are scarcer than Colt and Remington.

Code: 50562

1000.00 GBP


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Good Stevens "Favorite" Boys Rifle

Another really good example of a Stevens Favourite or Boys rifle in obsolete 25 Stevens Calibre. wood and metalwork and difficult to better this pleasing looking little rifle. I will include an inert 25 Stevens calibre round for display purposes.This is a take down rifle and disassembles in seconds. There is a lot of original finish on this rifle.

Stevens Arms was founded by Joshua Stevens with help from backers W.B. Fay and James Taylor in Chicopee Falls, MA, in 1864 as J. Stevens & Co. Their earliest product was a tip-up action single shot pistol.
Business was slow into 1870, when Stevens occupied a converted grist mill and had just sixty employees. The 1873 Panic had a further negative impact on sales. By 1876 the company had recovered to the extent that it was then manufacturing twice the number of shotguns as it had been prior to that year. In 1883 they purchased the Massachusetts Arms Company which Joshua Stevens had helped found in 1850.In 1886, the company was reorganized and incorporated as J. Stevens Arms & Tool Co. The business was able to grow steadily with tool manufacturing and sales now accounting for the bulk of the business output.
Stevens and Taylor were bought out in 1896 by I.H. Page, who was one of the new partners and the bookkeeper. Page led the company to significant growth, such that by 1902 Stevens had 900 employees and was considered one of the top sporting firearms manufacturers in the world. In 1901, Stevens entered into a partnership with J. Frank Duryea to produce the Stevens-Duryea automobile manufactured at a separate facility also in Chicopee Falls, MA. In 1915, Stevens led the U.S. arms business in target and small game guns.
On May 28, 1915 Stevens was purchased by New England Westinghouse, a division of Westinghouse Electric. New England Westinghouse was created specifically to fulfil a contract to produce 1.8 million Mosin-Nagant rifles for Czar Nicholas II of Russia for use in World War I. They needed a firearms manufacturing facility in order to accomplish this and chose Stevens. After the purchase they sold off the tool making division, halted production of Stevens-Duryea automobiles, and, on July 1, 1916, renamed the firearms division the J. Stevens Arms Company. When the Czar was deposed by the communists in 1917, New England Westinghouse was never paid and they fell into financial distress.They managed to sell most of the rifles to the U.S. Government and keep the Stevens firearms facility operational and did return to limited production of civilian firearms between 1917-1920 while looking for a buyer for Stevens.
Stevens was purchased by the Savage Arms Company on April 1, 1920 with Stevens operating as a subsidiary of Savage but in a semi-independent status until 1942.This merger made Savage the largest producer of arms in the United States at the time.8 After World War II they were renamed as Stevens Arms and sometimes identified as "Savage-Stevens" after 1948. In 1960 Savage closed the Stevens Arms facilities in Chicopee Falls and moved Stevens production to various Savage manufacturing sites. In 1991 the Stevens name was discontinued but was resurrected in 1999 as the brand name for Savage's budget line of rifles and shotguns.

Code: 50540

600.00 GBP


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Good Rogers and Spencer Revolver.

The Rogers & Spencer Percussion Revolver was originally manufactured in Willowvale, NY about 1863-65. In January 1865, the United States government contracted with Rogers & Spencer for 5,000 of the solid frame pistols. Delivery on the contract was made too late for war service, and the entire lot was sold as scrap to Francis Bannerman and Son in 1901. Bannerman then sold the pistols throughout the first quarter of the 20th Century. Many original Rogers & Spencer revolvers are seen today in excellent condition as is this one.
The Rogers and Spencer Army Model Revolver was actually an improvement of earlier pistols produced by the firm - the Pettingill and Freeman revolvers. The Pettingills were produced in the late 1850's and early 1860’s and were double action revolvers. The Pettingills were ahead of their time, being designed as hammerless pistols, which were popular in the last decade of the 19th Century, but certainly too Avant Garde for Army purchasers. The Navy Model was a .34 calibre, of which less than 1,000 were produced. The Army Model was a .44 calibre, and only about 3,400 were produced in the early 1860's. The Freeman Army Model Revolver was a solid frame .44 calibre pistol with a round 7 1/2" barrel, of which 2,000 are believed to have been produced in 1863-64, and in appearance the Freeman resembles a Starr Revolver.
The Rogers & Spencer is an improved Freeman, with a less severe grip style, a heavier frame and a stronger octagon barrel of identical 7 1/2" length. This particular Rogers & Spencer has a high degree of original finish left and original varnish on the grips. Rotates, cocks and locks and the bore is excellent. These revolvers are favoured today by black powder shooters for the superb grips and excellent mechanics. The flared grips were prone to damage and this one has some chips, but the grips show little other wear and the military inspector’s cartouche is highly visible. There are three notches or etches carved into the grip and I cannot make my mind up if they are an initial or "kill" marks, that is for you to decide. A very pleasing revolver at the right price for the condition.

Code: 50561

2300.00 GBP


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Scarce model 1870 Comblain falling block rifle

This is a rare find in the UK and is a Comblain falling block rifle as issued to the Brazilian Army in the 1870’s. This rifle was clearly issued as can be seen by the woodwork but the mechanical action is fine and it has not been messed with. The original cartouche is extant on the butt as seen in the photograph. The bore is clean with very heavy rifling.

The M1870 Belgian Comblain was a falling-block rifle invented by Hubert-Joseph Comblain of Liège, Belgium and produced in several variants known as the Brazilian, Chilean or Belgian Comblain. The Brazilian models are easily identified by having a shorter breech than the Belgium models and have a shrouded hammer with screws on the left hand side of the receiver.
W.W Greener wrote in Modern breechloaders: sporting and military in 1871 (page 214):
"This rifle is called No.2, to distinguish it from the first Comblain, which is a modification of the Snider principle. The Comblain no 2 has the vertical sliding block and guard lever of the Sharp rifle; but the arrangement for exploding the cartridge is different.
The mechanism of the lock is fixed in the breech block, which consists of the ordinary main-spring acting upon a tumbler by a swivel. The tumbler and striker are made in one piece; the scear and trigger are also in one piece . By depressing the lever the breech block is brought down, the cartridge-case extracted and the rifle is cocked. A fresh cartridge being inserted, and the lever returned, the rifle is ready for firing.
Comblain Breech block.
The hinge screw can be removed without the aid of a turnscrew, which arrangement allows the breech block and lock to be taken out for the purpose of cleaning.
The breech arrangement is strong and simple. It is used by the Belgian volunteers,and has been severely tested both at Liege and Wimbledon."

There is an 82 page article on Comblain rifles in the 2004 Gun Report magazine which ran over 4 issues and a book on the subject published by Jonathan Kirton in 2106.
These are interesting rifles and deserve a place in history alongside many of the better known single shot rifles of the time such as Martini, Snider, Remington and Albini.

Code: 50559

1600.00 GBP


Shortlist item
Good Manton Percussion target pistol.

This is an excellent percussion target/duelling pistol manufactured by Joseph Manton.
The overall length of the pistol is 15” and the 10” octagonal barrel is 32 bore with scratch rifling.
The pistol locks are profusely engraved as is the breech plug, with an engraved platinum vent, profusely engraved tang incorporating rear-sight, border engraved lock decorated with scrolling foliage throughout and signed, ‘Jn MANTON & SON PATENT. The pistol features a hammer safety, rear sight, silver escutcheon on butt (vacant) and an engraved butt plate. The trigger guard has a spur which was not doubt trialled as there was some criticism of the Manton heavy barrels.
One of the greatest technologies Manton refined was the accuracy of the duelling pistol. The inaccuracy of the duelling pistols as they were led to less wounds and deaths and were designed for a quick draw. Manton wanted to improve the slow shot of the duelling pistol because of the increasingly popular event of target practice. Those who purchased these heavier barrelled duelling pistols from Manton were at a clear advantage if they were to be caught defending their honour. Many gentlemen would visit the shooting gallery of Manton to practice their slow shots and refine their precision so that they could always be ready for a duel.
This is an very decent example of an early percussion pistol by a renowned London maker.

Code: 50558

Reserved


Francotte Martini Rook Rifle in 297/230 calibre.

This is an interesting Francotte Martini rook rifle in .297"/230 Morris obsolete calibre circa 1890.
The rifle is clean and mechanically perfect with a good bore.

Rook rifles were very popular in the 19th century and 297/230 calibre effected with a Morris tube was not unusual. The .297/230 Morris cartridges were produced for use in the Morris Aiming Tube, a commercial sub-calibre barrel inserted into the barrel of a large bore rifle or pistol for training or short range target practice. The Morris Aiming Tube worked well enough for it to be adopted for service in August 1883 by both the British Army and the Royal Navy for use in the Martini-Henry rifle.
The Morris Aiming Tube was later adapted for use in the .303 British Martini-Metford rifle, the Lee–Metford rifle in 1891 and the Webley Revolver, with both the .297/230 Morris Short and the .297/230 Morris Long being fired through the tubes.

It would not surprise me that the original owner of this rifle had access to military ammunition, hence the calibre.

An attractive little rook rifle.

Code: 50557

750.00 GBP


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Good Volunteer Snider Cavalry Carbin Potts & Hunt

This is a very attractive looking Mark 1 Snider Carbine manufactured by the renowned military maker Potts and Hunt.
The carbine has good wood, good metal to wood finish and a nice bore. It has an original brass muzzle tompion and nipple protector.
This carbine would have been issued to a volunteer unit as a private purchase.
A very attractive Carbine.

Code: 50555

995.00 GBP


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Good Mark IV Martini Henry Rifle

This is a very good Enfield Martini Henry rifle Mk IV 1 as issued.
Originally chambered in 402" these were converted to 577/450 calibre and re-barrelled.
This one has a plethora of inspection marks and is in very good condition. Usual handling marks but no real issues such as cracks.
Good bore and mechanics and now getting much scarcer to find than the Nepalese imports.
Overall a very solid example and in very good condition.

Code: 50554

Reserved


Good Peabody Rifle Franco Prussian War Capture

This is a very good Peabody rifle, this particular pattern designated as the 1868/70 Spanish in 43 Spanish centrefire calibre.
The Peabody rifle was the development of Henry O. Peabody of Boston, Massachusetts and initially patented in 1862, but fully developed too late to play any major role in the US Civil War. The basic patent relates to a heavy pivoting breech block, the front of which pivots down around a transverse fixed pin fixed through both the upper rear of the breech block and through the upper rear of the solidly built box receiver. Lowering the front of the breech block allows access to the chamber from above but, when elevated closed, transfers the force of firing to the rear of the receiver housing
This particular rifle is interesting insofar as it has Prussian acceptance marks which are a square crown over a “V”. This explains that the rifle was a capture after the Franco Prussian War.
This rifle is in very good condition with a good bore and only the usual handling marks on the woodwork. An interesting and seldom encountered rifle that has a combat history.

Code: 50552

1800.00 GBP


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